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American Constitutions: The Relations of the Three Departments as Adjusted by a Century.

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Pages: 22

Language: English

Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.

Publisher: General Books LLC (15 Jan. 2012)

By: Horace Davis (Author)

This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1884. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... Besides all the checks on unwholesome legislation which I have mentioned, there are many others much in vogue with modern constitution-makers, such as the following: It is quite customary to forbid the incurring of any indebtedness by the State: to forbid any loan of its credit: to forbid any increase or diminution of the pay of members of the Legislature during their term of office (the same provision is common regarding other officers of the State): no money shall be drawn from the treasury except by appropriation bills: legislators shall not be appointed to any office created by them: the order of the payment of the appropriations is often prescribed: no continuing appropriation shall be made for over two years: no extra compensation shall be allowed to officers during their term of office: no term of office of any individual shall be extended: no legislator shall be interested in any contract with the State: no person holding any lucrative office under the State or United States shall sit in the Legislature: no bill shall be amended so as to change its purpose: no money shall be given from the State Treasury to any institution of a sectarian character: no special privileges shall be granted to any corporation: and lastly, the Judges of the Supreme Court are sometimes associated with the upper house in the trial of impeachments. All these provisions, and other similar ones much in use, are checks upon the power of the Legislature, and would have been thought strange and unnatural restrictions a hundred years ago. Indeed, this desire to control and limit the government is shown throughout the general character of these new constitutions. It extends in some respects, though in a limited degree, to the powers of the Executive and Judiciary, and it forms a striki...

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