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Sub-Tropical Rambles in the Land of Aphanapteryx: Personal Experiences, Adventures, and Wanderings in and Around the Island of Mauritius.

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Pages: 182

Language: English

Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.

Publisher: General Books LLC (1 Feb. 2012)

By: Nicolas Pike (Author)

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1873. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XXIV. THE HISTORY OF MAURITIUS. From its Discovery by the Portuguese, in 150S, through the various Changes of Government it has undergone during its Possession by the Dutch, then by the French, and lastly, by the English, to February 1871. The Island of Mauritius is situated between the tropics, within three degrees of Capricorn, 100 miles NE. of Bourbon and E. of Madagascar. Its greatest length is 39 miles, and breadth nearly 34. The area is about 700 square miles, the exact measurement being given as 432,680 acres. The length of the coast-line is about 135 miles. It was not until the sixteenth century that the existence of this island was known to the civilised world. Don Pedro de Mascaregnas, in 1505, during the first year of the administration of Almeida, Governor-General of the Portuguese possessions of India, when exploring these seas, discovered this and the sister isle: to the latter he gave his own name, and called the former Cerne: why is unknown, except that it might be a fanciful allusion to the Dodo, or to some other bird of the same species that he found on its shores. The Portuguese, however, did not avail themselves of their new acquisitions. They contented themselves with fixing their geographical positions, and landing some deer, goats, monkeys and pigs, the descendants of which are still found wild, in retired parts of the Island. Though they retained the Isle of Cerne till 1598, they seem only to have considered it as a simple station for taking in refreshments, believing that this route would always be kept a secret, and that they had nothing to fear from any encroachment of other European powers on their monopoly of commerce with India.. On May 1, 1598, a squadron of eight ships, under the command of Admiral Wybrand von Warwi...

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